Henri Matisse, born on December 31, 1869, in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France, was a pioneering French artist known for his innovations in color and form. He is a leading figure in modern art and is celebrated for his bold use of color and creativity. Matisse's work spans various mediums, including painting, sculpture, and paper cutouts. He continued to influence art throughout the 20th century. Matisse passed away on November 3, 1954, leaving a profound legacy in the world of art.